A temperature transmitter is a device that measures temperature by converting it into an analog output signal.
Temperature transmitters are used in manufacturing plants, pipelines, and other industrial facilities.
Temperature transmitters are used in food and beverage production, chemical processing, oil and gas, power generation, and HVAC (heating, ventilation, and air conditioning).
A typical temperature transmitter has three major components: a sensor, a transmitter, and a communications system. The sensor is the portion of the transmitter that directly measures the temperature. Many types of sensors can be used with a temperature transmitter, including thermocouples, resistance temperature detectors (RTDs), thermistors, infrared sensors, and semiconductor devices. The sensor converts the physical property it measures into an electrical signal.
The electronics then amplify the analog output of the sensor in the transmitter to send out a standard current or voltage signal to other equipment such as a recording device or control system.
The International Standards Organization (ISO) is a non-governmental organization that develops and publishes standards for various industries and technologies. The ISO has published over 19,500 bars and has been producing them since 1947.
The ISO temperature sensor standard is designed to ensure that all temperature sensors sold are properly tested and calibrated. Although the current version of the ISO temperature sensor standard covers only thermocouples and resistance temperature detectors (RTD), it may be expanded to include other types of sensors in the future.
The goal of the ISO standard is to improve performance and reliability by establishing guidelines for testing and calibration. The current version of this standard was updated in 2010 to reflect improvements in calibration technology, as well as changes in how sensors are used.
The ISO temperature sensor standard applies to the following types of sensors:
Resistance Temperature Detectors (RTD)
Potential Devices (thermistors)
It's necessary to calibrate the temperature transmitter. The temperature transmitter is sensitive to the performance and quality of the instrument, so it is necessary to calibrate the temperature transmitter.
Calibration is a basic requirement for high-precision instruments; this is also true for temperature transmitters. However, due to factors such as different working environments, it will cause some uncertainties in the measurement accuracy of temperature transmitters, which will affect the normal use of transmitters. Therefore, there are many manufacturers that are asking whether it is necessary to calibrate a temperature transmitter. The answer, of course, is yes. Calibration is an important aspect of equipment maintenance and testing work to ensure the accuracy of test results. High precision instruments generally require calibration at least once a year, and low precision instruments need to be calibrated less frequently. Temperature transmitters are generally used in industrial production and scientific research, so they should be calibrated once a year or less.
Temperature transmitters are a special type of instrument that is used for the purpose of obtaining temperature data for industrial use. They are made up of a sensor and a transmitter, which are combined into one unit. They are connected to a power source, such as 24V AC or DC. The temperature transmitter will then convert the signal from the sensor into a signal that can be read by another instrument, such as an indicator.
They can be based on almost any type of temperature sensor (thermocouple, RTD, thermistor) and may be designed to be mounted directly onto the sensor connection head or separately from the sensor. Some types incorporate their own display for local indication of the process temperature, while others do not.
The two most common types of temperature transmitters are resistance temperature detectors (RTDs) and thermocouples.
Resistance temperature detectors are resistance-based sensors that produce a change in resistance proportional to changes in temperature. RTDs are available in many different forms, including wire-wound platinum, thin-film, and spiral wound elements.
Thermocouples consist of two dissimilar metals that generate a voltage when exposed to heat. Thermocouples are available in several configurations, including K, T, J, B, R, E, and N-type thermocouples.
Temperature sensors are used to measure temperature. There are many different types of temperature sensors on the market, each with its own unique properties, capabilities, and benefits. General knowledge of each type and its specifications is important in order to select the right one for a given application.
Resistive Temperature Detectors
Resistive temperature detectors (RTDs) are resistors that change value as a function of temperature. RTDs are made from pure metals such as platinum, copper, or nickel. They have a linear positive temperature coefficient of resistance; that is, their resistance increases proportionally to the increase in temperature. RTDs typically have better accuracy than thermocouples, but they also tend to be more fragile and more expensive. They are typically used in industrial applications such as oil exploration and chemical processing.
A thermocouple is a device consisting of two dissimilar conductors which are connected at both ends to form two junctions. A change in temperature at one junction causes an electromotive force (EMF) which can be measured at the other junction. The EMF produced by the thermocouple changes with changing temperature. The EMF is measured by connecting a voltmeter across the open terminals of the sensor. One type of thermocouple operates at very high temperatures, such as those found in industrial furnaces.
The most accurate temperature sensors are thermocouples. They can measure down to about 0.005°C or 0.009°F. High-end laboratory equipment uses them for chemical analysis and other temperature-critical applications.
The other type of sensor that is used to measure temperatures is the resistance temperature detector (RTD). These sensors are typically platinum probes that have a wire wrapped around them. The resistance of the wire changes with temperature, and they are very accurate as well. RTDs have a typical accuracy of 0.01°C or 0.018°F
Both of these types of sensors also have excellent long-term stability and reliability, so you don't need to recalibrate them often.
A digital thermometer will be composed of one or more temperature sensors, an analog-to-digital converter, and some software to provide the results in a usable form. The sensor is usually enclosed in a probe that connects to the digital unit through a cable.
A temperature transmitter is used to convert the industrial temperature sensor signals into standard signals and then send these standard signals to the next level of instruments or temperature controllers. It is an advanced multi-function temperature transmitter.
The function of the temperature transmitter is used to transform the signal output by various types of temperature sensors (thermocouples, thermal resistance, etc.) into standard voltage or current signals such as 4-20MA and transmit them to industrial control systems.
The advantages of the traditional temperature measurement system are that the system is simple and easy to use, but there are also some disadvantages: long wiring distance, high maintenance cost, easy to be interfered with by external noise.
In order to solve these problems, the application of temperature transmitters becomes more and more widespread. The biggest advantage of using a temperature transmitter is that it can directly convert the weak signal from a variety of sensors into a strong electrical signal, which has a strong anti-interference ability and good stability, so it can improve the overall reliability of the system. And make the system more reliable.
Everyone knows the pressure transmitter, but not everyone knows how to choose a suitable pressure transmitter. Next, we will give you some tips on how to choose the right pressure transmitter.
1. Selection of measuring range
The first thing to consider when choosing a pressure transmitter is its measurement range. What is the measurement range of the pressure transmitter? It means between the upper limit and lower limit of the output signal, that is, the difference between high and low pressure. When choosing, you must first understand what is required for measuring high and low points in your application environment.
2. Selection of accuracy
Accuracy is a very important indicator for judging the performance of an instrument. It indicates whether an instrument can accurately measure the measured value under certain conditions and requirements. The higher the accuracy, the better it can meet our requirements for use accuracy and meet our needs for measurement precision. Therefore, when choosing a pressure transmitter, we should compare its accuracy with our actual requirements, select one with higher accuracy, and ensure that it can meet our actual requirements as much as possible without causing unnecessary waste due to too high accuracy.
3. Selection of sensitivity
Sensitivity refers to the output change per unit change in measured parameters under operating conditions within a specified range of rated temperature deviation and ambient.
Sensitivity is the ratio of the output signal to the input signal and is usually expressed as mV per Volt or % per Volt. It is normally set at ten mV/V or two mV/V. A load cell with a sensitivity of 10 mV/V will generate an output of 1 Volt when loaded with 10,000 kg.
Different types of temperature transmitters are used in industrial temperature measurement applications. The most common temperature transmitters are those that measure resistance and convert it to a proportional current or voltage signal.
They can be used in various industrial applications, including HVAC systems, energy management, food processing, and pharmaceuticals.
Temperature Transmitter Types:
Thermocouple Temperature Transmitters
RTD Temperature Transmitters
Thermistor Temperature Transmitters
Resistance Temperature Detector (RTD) Transmitters
The RTD transmitter is another type of temperature transmitter that converts the resistance of the sensor into a voltage or current output. Similar to thermocouples, RTDs are made of different materials with varying resistance characteristics. Their construction consists of a coil that wraps around a center core made from copper, platinum, nickel, or copper-nickel alloy. RTD transmitters can be connected using either two or three-wire configurations depending on the application.
There are many applications for temperature transmitters and sensor technology. The ability to detect, measure, and monitor the temperature of a remote object or location has become an essential tool in many industries. In fact, temperature measurement is one of the most important parameters in any manufacturing process.
It might be surprising to learn that there are more than 100 different types of industrial thermometers. They each work differently and have their own advantages and disadvantages. Because of this, they are well suited to some applications while being ineffective in others.
When it comes to selecting a temperature measurement device, it's important to consider the following factors:
●The accuracy required
●The need to monitor or control the measured parameter
●The volatility of the measured parameter
●The best location for measurement
Temperature transmitters are used in the chemical industry to perform a variety of functions. In addition to their obvious uses in monitoring temperatures of liquids or gases, they also play an important role in calibrating instruments that control the flow of chemicals. For example, if too much propylene is added to a polymer blend during manufacturing, it can adversely affect the properties of the final product. The flow of propylene must be controlled by means of an accurate valve positioner.
Instrument installers calibrate these devices by comparing their output with a known input. A very stable temperature sensor mounted on a test plug is used as the known input. The sensor's output is compared to that of the valve positioner on a portable calibration device called a milliamp simulator or mA loop calibrator.